Mutatis Mutandis     2010  Unique    8.5 x 6.75 x 2.5 ins.      $4000

(Changed what has to be changed)

In one of the hardest moments of the special period (1991-1994) the history of this book begins to be forged. It was enough to enter the bathroom to notice hundreds of carefully torn newspaper papers on a shelf near the toilet.

There was little difference between a small newspaper library and this kind of warehouse located in a room, as in a library but with h different purposes, since its use was not for the use of research, although often for consultation.

There was always a person in charge of making this compilation from the various newspapers that came to the house through “the newspaper delivery man”, who for a monthly payment threw them through the windows. My father and one of my uncles took turns turning these newspapers into perfect booklets and placing them every so often on the aforementioned shelf.

Each booklet lasted approximately one month, for three people, in daily use, consulting news and choosing the least interesting one to give it its final use as toilet paper.

Ten years later I started compiling these books. At a time when the economy of the country improved a little, these newspapers were combined with the toilet paper and still remain together in the bathroom at my father’s house, because of my uncles, one was left with the preference for this modality emergent despite the sporadic existence of traditional toilet paper.

Even the swing of the economy makes our bathroom look like a “Hemeroteca” (saving the distances) But with a binding process it gives a much more attractive and serious character, as when visiting a library but raised to an artistic category and as a treatise of social anthropology. As a result of this, with a new crisis of toilet paper a new volume of these books is generated.

Mutatis Mutandis is first a book; its conservation and durability are subject to the new conditions it demands as an artistic and reference work.


What hath God Wrought         2017    Edition 10       9 x 5.75 x .75                           $500

This piece of work begins with a code as old as stamping can be, continues with the book itself, another reference code and ends up with the Morse code.  The message “What Hath God wrought”, which was first broadcasted by Samuel Morse in 1844 encompasses a key component for communication in the evolution of mankind. The book as a whole demonstrates it is possible to eliminate some unnecessary barriers of the 21st century.


Fine Arts Library, Littauer Center, Harvard University

University of Pittsburgh

Allí Fume                      2016 Edition 1/3          11 x 8.75 x 1 ins           $1800

Allí Fume                      2017 Edition 10         9 x 5.75 x .75 ins          $500

With a self-referential character the work focuses on the artist’s experience as a laborer on the Cuban tobacco fields. The interaction with the work piece generates a ludic (interplay) that is imply by discovering a passage of a classic stamp and reveals another landscape through the carvings, a more idyllic and personal scenery appears.


Newark Public Library

Tremenda Lija     2017 Unique     Aluminum Oxide sandpaper with text. 11.5 x 9.5 .75 ins.   $4000

Tremenda Lija is a phrase that is famously known by all Cubans as a “tremendous grit is given”

It turns out that in carpentry the action of sanding a piece of rustic furniture is about its completion and sanding the furniture must be done with dedication and patience.

The use of this jargon is understood when a person devotes too much time to themselves, thus neglecting their “attention for others”. Many examples are understood by the indolence and disinterest that many suffer and is also said with discomfort and displeasure although with humor in some cases, because sometimes we laugh at our problems. Thus, strutting or begging are definitions for tremenda lija in Cuba.